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 Continents,Countries and Nationality

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Number of posts : 44
Registration date : 2012-11-15

PostSubject: Continents,Countries and Nationality   Wed Nov 21, 2012 6:49 pm


A continent is one of the world's main continuous pieces of land. (The word continent comes from the Latin terra continens, meaning "continuous land".)

Unfortunately, even the experts cannot agree on how many continents there are:

  • 7 Continents: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Europe, North America, Oceania, South America
  • 6 Continents: Africa, Antarctica, Eurasia, North America, Oceania, South America
  • 6 Continents: Africa, America, Antarctica, Asia, Europe, Oceania
  • 5 Continents: Africa, America, Antarctica, Eurasia, Oceania
  • 4 Continents: Eurafrasia, America, Antarctica, Oceania

Curiously, we have a word for somebody who comes from Mars (a Martian), but we have no word for somebody who comes from Antarctica.

This chart lists what is probably the most widely-accepted number of continents (7), and shows the associated adjective and the noun used for a person from each continent:

AfricaAfricanan African
AsiaAsianan Asian
EuropeEuropeana European
North AmericaNorth Americana North American
OceaniaOceanianan Oceanian
South AmericaSouth Americana South American
"Continent" is a geographical term, not political.


A country is a nation with its own government, occupying a particular territory or piece of land. For example, China,
France, Iraq and Japan are all countries.

"Country" is a political term, not geographical. In theory, all countries are sovereign, meaning that they are independent and decide their own laws (though they may sometimes surrender or modify certain rights by treaty).

The noun for a country's language usually comes from the adjective for that country, for example:

  • He speaks Polish.
  • Is French difficult?
In English, all words (nouns and adjectives) relating to countries or nationalities begin with a capital letter, for example:

  • France (not france)
  • French (not french)
  • a Frenchman (not a frenchman)

Countries & Nationality

This chart lists many of the countries or nations in the world, with the following information:

  • Name of country
  • Adjective used for that country (also describes nationality)
  • Noun used for a person from that country
Look at these example sentences:
She comes from France. She is French. Her nationality is French. She is a Frenchwoman. She drives a French car. She speaks French.

AfghanistanAfghanan Afghan
AlbaniaAlbanianan Albanian
AlgeriaAlgerianan Algerian
AndorraAndorranan Andorran
AngolaAngolanan Angolan
ArgentinaArgentinianan Argentinian
ArmeniaArmenianan Armenian
AustraliaAustralianan Australian
AustriaAustrianan Austrian
AzerbaijanAzerbaijanian Azerbaijani
BahamasBahamiana Bahamian
BahrainBahrainia Bahraini
BangladeshBangladeshia Bangladeshi
BarbadosBarbadiana Barbadian
BelarusBelarusian or Belarusana Belarusian or a Belarusan
BelgiumBelgiana Belgian
BelizeBeliziana Belizian
BeninBeninesea Beninese
BhutanBhutanesea Bhutanese
BoliviaBoliviana Bolivian
Bosnia-HerzegovinaBosniana Bosnian
BotswanaBotswanana Tswana
BrazilBraziliana Brazilian
BritainBritisha Briton
BruneiBruneiana Bruneian
BulgariaBulgariana Bulgarian
BurkinaBurkinesea Burkinese
Burma (official name Myanmar)Burmesea Burmese
BurundiBurundiana Burundian
CambodiaCambodiana Cambodian
CameroonCamerooniana Cameroonian
CanadaCanadiana Canadian
Cape Verde IslandsCape Verdeana Cape Verdean
ChadChadiana Chadian
ChileChileana Chilean
ChinaChinesea Chinese
ColombiaColombiana Colombian
CongoCongolesea Congolese
Costa RicaCosta Ricana Costa Rican
CroatiaCroat or Croatiana Croat or a Croatian
CubaCubana Cuban
CyprusCypriota Cypriot
Czech RepublicCzecha Czech
DenmarkDanisha Dane
DjiboutiDjiboutiana Djiboutian
DominicaDominicana Dominican
Dominican RepublicDominicana Dominican
EcuadorEcuadoreanan Ecuadorean
EgyptEgyptianan Egyptian
El SalvadorSalvadoreana Salvadorean
EnglandEnglishan Englishman, an Englishwoman
EritreaEritreanan Eritrean
EstoniaEstonianan Estonian
EthiopiaEthiopianan Ethiopian
FijiFijiana Fijian
FinlandFinnisha Finn
FranceFrencha Frenchman, a Frenchwoman
GabonGabonesea Gabonese
Gambia, theGambiana Gambian
GeorgiaGeorgiana Georgian
GermanyGermana German
GhanaGhanaiana Ghanaian
GreeceGreeka Greek
GrenadaGrenadiana Grenadian
GuatemalaGuatemalana Guatemalan
GuineaGuineana Guinean
GuyanaGuyanesea Guyanese
HaitiHaitiana Haitian
Holland (also Netherlands)Dutcha Dutchman, a Dutchwoman
HondurasHondurana Honduran
HungaryHungariana Hungarian
IcelandIcelandican Icelander
IndiaIndianan Indian
IndonesiaIndonesianan Indonesian
IranIranianan Iranian
IraqIraqian Iraqi
Ireland, Republic ofIrishan Irishman, an Irishwoman
IsraelIsraelian Israeli
ItalyItalianan Italian
JamaicaJamaicana Jamaican
JapanJapanesea Japanese
JordanJordaniana Jordanian
KazakhstanKazakha Kazakh
KenyaKenyana Kenyan
Korea see North Korea, South Korea

KuwaitKuwaitia Kuwaiti
LaosLaotiana Laotian
LatviaLatviana Latvian
LebanonLebanesea Lebanese
LiberiaLiberiana Liberian
LibyaLibyana Libyan
Liechtenstein-a Liechtensteiner
LithuaniaLithuaniana Lithuanian
Luxembourg-a Luxembourger
MacedoniaMacedoniana Macedonian
MadagascarMalagasy or Madagascana Malagasy or a Madagascan
MalawiMalawiana Malawian
MalaysiaMalaysiana Malaysian
MaldivesMaldiviana Maldivian
MaliMaliana Malian
MaltaMaltesea Maltese
MauritaniaMauritaniana Mauritanian
MauritiusMauritiana Mauritian
MexicoMexicana Mexican
MoldovaMoldovana Moldovan
MonacoMonégasque or Monacana Monégasque or a Monacan
MongoliaMongoliana Mongolian
MontenegroMontenegrina Montenegrin
MoroccoMoroccana Moroccan
MozambiqueMozambicana Mozambican
Myanmar see Burma--
NamibiaNamibiana Namibian
NepalNepalesea Nepalese
Netherlands, the (see Holland)Dutcha Dutchman, a Dutchwoman, or a Netherlander
New ZealandNew Zealand (used attributively only, as in New Zealand butter but not He is New Zealand)a New Zealander
NicaraguaNicaraguana Nicaraguan
NigerNigeriena Nigerien
NigeriaNigeriana Nigerian
North KoreaNorth Koreana North Korean
NorwayNorwegiana Norwegian
OmanOmanian Omani
PakistanPakistania Pakistani
PanamaPanamaniana Panamanian
Papua New GuineaPapua New Guinean or Guineana Papua New Guinean or a Guinean
ParaguayParaguayana Paraguayan
PeruPeruviana Peruvian
the PhilippinesPhilippinea Filipino
PolandPolisha Pole
PortugalPortuguesea Portuguese
QatarQataria Qatari
RomaniaRomaniana Romanian
RussiaRussiana Russian
RwandaRwandana Rwandan
Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabian or Saudia Saudi Arabian or a Saudi
ScotlandScottisha Scot
SenegalSenegalesea Senegalese
SerbiaSerb or Serbiana Serb or a Serbian
Seychelles, theSeychelloisa Seychellois
Sierra LeoneSierra Leoniana Sierra Leonian
SingaporeSingaporeana Singaporean
SlovakiaSlovaka Slovak
SloveniaSlovene or Sloveniana Slovene or a Slovenian
Solomon Islands-a Solomon Islander
SomaliaSomalia Somali
South AfricaSouth Africana South African
South KoreaSouth Koreana South Korean
SpainSpanisha Spaniard
Sri LankaSri Lankana Sri Lankan
SudanSudanesea Sudanese
SurinameSurinamesea Surinamer or a Surinamese
SwazilandSwazia Swazi
SwedenSwedisha Swede
SwitzerlandSwissa Swiss
SyriaSyriana Syrian
TaiwanTaiwanesea Taiwanese
TajikistanTajik or Tadjika Tajik or a Tadjik
TanzaniaTanzaniana Tanzanian
ThailandThaia Thai
TogoTogolesea Togolese
Trinidad and TobagoTrinidadian
a Trinidadian
a Tobagan/Tobagonian
TunisiaTunisiana Tunisian
TurkeyTurkisha Turk
TurkmenistanTurkmen or Turkomana Turkmen or a Turkoman
TuvaliTuvaluana Tuvaluan
UgandaUgandana Ugandan
UkraineUkrainiana Ukrainian
United Arab Emirates (UAE)UAE or Emirates (used attributively only, as in UAE buildings, Emirates holidays but not He is UAE, I am Emirates) or Emiratian Emirati
United Kingdom (UK)UK (used attributively only, as in UK time but not He is UK) or Britisha Briton
United States of America (USA)US (used attributively only, as in US aggression but not He is US)a US citizen
UruguayUruguayana Uruguayan
UzbekistanUzbekan Uzbek
VanuataVanuatuana Vanuatuan
Vatican City--
VenezuelaVenezuelana Venezuelan
VietnamVietnamesea Vietnamese
WalesWelsha Welshman, a Welshwoman
Western SamoaWestern Samoana Western Samoan
YemenYemenia Yemeni
YugoslaviaYugoslava Yugoslav
ZaireZaïreana Zaïrean
ZambiaZambiana Zambian
ZimbabweZimbabweana Zimbabwean

Source: the net

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Number of posts : 851
Age : 56
Registration date : 2007-12-17

PostSubject: Re: Continents,Countries and Nationality   Wed Nov 21, 2012 7:16 pm

That's really very useful . Thanks
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