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 Glossary of Writing and Literary Terms

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HAMADA
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PostSubject: Glossary of Writing and Literary Terms   Mon Feb 20, 2012 3:27 pm

Glossary of Writing and

Literary Terms












Word




Description



Acrostics







A saying or sentence where the first letter

of each word in the saying will help you remember how to spell a word,

or the order of things. Two examples of acrostics are:



1. A Rat

In The House

Might Eat

The Ice Cream

- the first letter of each word spells ARITHMETIC



2. My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us

Nine Pizzas - Helps you remember the order of the planets (Mercury,

Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto)



Adjective A word that describes a noun.

They tell how many, what kind or which one.
Adverb A word that describes a verb.

They tell how something happened, when it happened, where it happened,

or how much happened.
Alliteration Repeating the beginning sounds

in a word, like Reading and Writing

are Really Rad!
Antonym Words whose meanings are opposite,

like stop and go.
Autobiography Telling a story about your own

life.
Bibliography A list of people, books, magazines,

web sites and other resources that you used to create a report.
Biography Telling a story about someone

else's life.
Body

of Paragraph
The supporting, or detail

sentences that help explain or describe the topic sentence
Book Review A summary of a book you read

sharing your thoughts and feeling about the book.
Brainstorming

Collecting ideas on a subject.
Business Letter A letter written to someone to

get information, or to talk about a problem.
Caption A brief summary or description

of the importance of a picture, graph, or diagram.
Character A person, animal, or make believe

creature that is part of a story, play or poem.
Closing

Sentence
The summary or conclusion

sentence at the end of a paragraph
Compound Sentence Two or more sentences put together

using the words and, but, or or.
Consonant Blend

When two or more consonants are combined

together, at the beginning of a word:
























































































br- pr- fl- sk- sw- thr-
cr- tr- gl- sm- tw- spr-
dr- wr- pl- sn- scr- spl-
fr- bl- sl- sp- squ- shr-
gr- cl- sc- st- str- sch-





Consonants All the letters in the alphabet,

except for a,e,i,o, and u.
Descriptive Paragraph A paragraph that describes a

person, a place, a feeling or an idea.
Dialogue When the characters in a story

are speaking - usually dialogue is in quotation marks.
Editing Carefully checking for

any mistakes you made.
Essay A group of paragraphs telling

facts about one main idea
Expository Paragraph A paragraph that gives information

on a topic, or steps explaining how to do something.
Family Stories Important people, places and

events that really happened in your own family.
Fantasy A story that combines normal

life with imaginary events.
Friendly Letter

A letter that you write to a

friend or your family.
Grammar Rules of a language.
Graphic Organizer

Ways to organize your thoughts

before you start writing. There are many different kinds of graphic organizers

including lists, charts, webs, cluster diagrams, and time lines.
Historical Fiction A made up story that uses real

events and people to tell a story about a time from the past.
How-To or Directions

Paragraph
Giving step by step information

or directions on how to make or do something.
Interview Asking a person or a group of

people questions about their lives and experiences.
Journal A diary or record of events,

feelings and thoughts, usually arranged by date.
Letter Body The main message of the letter.
Letter

Closing
The ending of your

letter. Some examples of a closing are Love, Sincerely, or Yours
truly
.
Letter Heading The part of a letter, usually

in the upper right corner, that has your address and the date.
Letter Signature Signing your name after the closing

of a letter.
Metaphor Comparing two different things

without using the words like or as.
Moral The lesson of a story.
Myth An imaginary story that helps

explain events in nature.
Narrative Paragraph A paragraph that tells a story.
Narrator The person or character that

tells and explains a story.
Newspaper Byline The name of the person who wrote

the newspaper story.
Newspaper Headline The title of the newspaper story

that tells the main idea of the story.
Observation Describing in writing what something

looks like, sounds like, smells like and feels like.
Onomatopoeia Words whose sounds imitate or

make you think of their meaning, like buzz, sizzle and hiss.
Palindrome A word or phrase that is spelled

the same forwards as it is backwards, like mom, and Ma handed

Edna ham.
Paragraph A group of sentences

that tell about one main subject. There are 4 main types of paragraphs.

1.Desriptive 2.Narrative 3.Persausive 4.Expository
Personal Narrative

A true story about yourself.
Personification Describing something that isn't

human with human characteristics.
Persuasive Paragraph A paragraph that tells your opinion

and tries to convince the reader to agree with you.
Play A story told using a narrator

and conversation between characters.
Plot The main events in a story.
Poem A group of words written in a

pattern.
Prefix A group of letters that comes

before a base or root word that change the meaning of the word.
Prewriting What you do before you

write, choose a topic, gather ideas and resources.
Proofreading Reading what you wrote

to look for mistakes.
Publishing When you share your

final writing with other people.
Realistic Story Made up stories that could be

true.
Revising Making changes that

improve your writing.
Rough

Draft
The first organized

writing of the topic that you do.
Run-On Sentence Two or more sentences put together

without punctuation or connecting words.
Sentence Fragment

A sentence that is missing the

subject, the verb, or both.
Simile Comparing two different things

using the words like or as.
Skimming Getting the main idea of a story

by looking quickly for the main topics and ideas. You can look at titles,

headings, bold and italic words, and picture captions.
Subject The main idea of your

writing. There can be a subject in a sentence, paragraph, an essay or a

book.
Suffix A group of letters that comes

after a base or root word that change the meaning of the word.
Summary Retelling the main idea of a

story by briefly writing about the main topics.
Synonym Different words that have the

same meaning, like big, large and enormous.
Tall Tales Stories that really exaggerate

a hero - the hero can do anything and beat anybody!
Topic

Sentences
The sentence, usually

at the beginning of a paragraph, that tells what the main idea of the paragraph

is about.
Verb The word in a sentence that does

action.
Vowels Five of the letters in the alphabet:

a, e, i, o, and u. Sometimes the letter y is also a vowel,

like in the word sky.
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